DCAMM Seminar - Homogenized models for nanoporous metallic materials

A DCAMM seminar will be presented by

Research Engineer Jérémy Hure
French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission Department of Materials for Nuclear Applications Section for Research on Irradiated Materials, France


Materials used in nuclear power plants are subjected to extreme conditions such as high temperature, high pressure and more specifically high energy particles irradiation, leading to the formation of crystalline defects that are responsible for drastic evolutions of mechanical properties. In particular, voids can be formed, for example in austenitic stainless steels used for structural components, ranging from one-tenth of a micron down to few nanometers depending on irradiation conditions. Assessing structural integrity of irradiated components under applied stress thus requires developing homogenized models for micro/nano-porous materials. Homogenized models for porous materials have been developed and widely used for the last decades since the work of Gurson. However, recent theoretical considerations and numerical simulations have put forward that micro/nano-scale voids might behave differently due to various phenomena such as scarcity of dislocations sources, crystal-scale plasticity, geometrically necessary dislocations, presence of void/matrix interface.

In the first part of the presentation, a brief introduction to material challenges in nuclear environments will be given with an emphasis on irradiation-induced voids. Then, in a second part, two homogenized models will be presented to describe the mechanical behavior of materials with small scales porosities, including void/matrix interface stresses and strain gradient plasticity, respectively. Two dimensionless parameters are introduced comparing void size to relevant material length scales. Both models include growth regime - when voids do not interact - and coalescence regime - when voids strongly interact. In particular, yield criteria relevant for the coalescence regime obtained through limit analysis are detailed. The numerical implementation of these two models is described, leading to strain-stress curves for different levels of stress triaxiality and initial porosity. These simulations exhibit void size effects, and are compared to unit-cell simulations. In a third part, model experiments designed to assess nano-void deformation under mechanical loading are described, and preliminary results are discussed.

Danish pastry, coffee and tea will be served 15 minutes before the seminar starts.
All interested persons are invited


Thu 14 Sep 17
13:00 - 14:00




Room 006, Building 450
Technical University of Denmark